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Mortality in US Army Gulf War Veterans Exposed to 1991 Chemical Monition Distribution (Khamisiyah).

Background Information

     There were two separate detonations at Khamisiyah in March of 1991, bunker 73 on 4 March 1991 and a second detonation on 10 March 1991 (known as the Pitt).
     United Nations inspectors visited the site 4 times: October 1991, March 1992, May 1992, and May 1998. These inspections detected the existence of saran and cyclosarin each time.
     Extensive plum modeling was done in 1997 and again in 2000 with added reliable, dispersal information on cyclosarin, was not available in 1997.
     This study involved 351,041 veterans, 100,487 were considered exposed to chemicals at Khamisiyah using plume dispersal information from 2000.
     The troop location was taken from battalion strength 500 to 900 troops down to company  strength of 100 to 200 soldiers, this would be more accurate, but still leaves out platoon sized units and detached personnel service support units who were in and out of the area during the time in question. Unit designation markers were used, usually HHC markers.
     For this mortality study, a total of 4,188 deaths were studied with cause of death found in 3,686.
     When comparing specific diseases as well as major disease groupings, only 1 brain cancer. There was a statistically increased risk factor in Gulf War veterans exposed to chemical weapons. The risk was apparently twice for one day exposure, 5 times more likely with 3 or more days exposed.
     When comparing all 4 groups of veterans to the United States population, all veterans were much healthier.
     If you want a copy of this report, you can buy it from the American Public Health Association for $10. You can get it in print or in .pdf format. The title is at the top of this writing, and was in their August 2005 publication.

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